ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) offers many advantages:
- greater access to information
- cost reduction in the labor sector
- greater connectivity between people
However, digitalization is not happening equally all over the world, because imbalance exists and this is known as the digital divide.
The digital divide and affects 52 % of women and 42 % of men worldwide. This gap becomes even wider when we talk about regions: according to data taken from the Internet portal World Stats as of May 2020, in Africa, only 39.3 % of its inhabitants had Internet access, compared to 87.2 % of Europeans and 94.6 % of Americans.
The data shows the technological gap that separates some countries from others, despite the fact that 3G and 4G networks, while awaiting the massive expansion of 5G, are already reaching almost every corner of the planet.
Here, it is important to distinguish between access to the Internet and digital literacy, that is, the learning process that enables a person to acquire the skills to understand and benefit from the educational, economic, and social potential of the new technologies.
The Broadband Infrastructure Program is a $288 million broadband deployment program directed to partnerships between a state or one or more political subdivisions of a state, and providers of fixed broadband service to support broadband infrastructure deployment to areas lacking broadband, especially rural areas.